31.10.12

The Servile State

Da Sinopse de The Servile State (Hillaire Belloc, 1912):

"THE CAPITALIST STATE IN PROPORTION AS IT GROWS PERFECT GROWS UNSTABLE. It can of its nature be but a transitory phase lying between an earlier and a later stable state of society. The two internal strains which render it unstable: (a) The conflict between its social realities and its moral and legal basis (b) The insecurity and insuficiency to which it condemns free citizens. The few possessors can grant or withhold livelihood from the many non-possessors. Capitalism is so unstable that it dares not proceed to its own logical conclusion, but tends to restrict competition among owners, and insecurity and insufficiency among non-owners

... SOCIALISM is THE EASIEST APPARENT SOLUTION OF THE CAPITALIST CRUX :... Collectivism a natural development of Capitalism. It appeals both to Capitalist and Proletarian ...

... The Humanist would like both to confiscate from the owners and to establish security and sufficiency for the non-owners. He is allowed to do the second thing by establishing servile conditions. He is forbidden to do the first.... Meanwhile the great mass, the proletariat, upon whom the reformers are at work, though retaining the instinct of ownership, has lost any experience of it and is subject to private law much more than to the law of the Courts. This is exactly what happened in the past during the converse change from Slavery to Freedom. Private Law became stronger than Public at the beginning of the Dark Ages. The owners welcomed the changes which maintained them in ownership and yet increased the security of their revenue. Today the non-owners will welcome whatever keeps them a wage-earning class but increases their wages and their security without insisting on the expropriation of the owners.

THE SERVILE STATE HAS BEGUN : The manifestation of the Servile State in law or proposals of law will fall into two sorts (a) Laws or proposals of law compelling the proletariat to work (b) Financial operations riveting the grip of capitalists more strongly upon society..."

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