30.5.17

The Schismatic Pope / O Papa Cismático (2): a summary

A summary of the previous post, based on the "ancient theologians ... who thought, in agreement with the “Decree” of Gracian (part I, dist.XV, c. IV), that the Pope... could ... fall into schism".

The Pope could fall into schism, if he did the following with pertinacity:

  • If he refused to celebrate Holy Mass with the other bishops;

  • “... if he tried to excommunicate the whole Church";

  • "... if he ... refused to the Chrch ... the spiritual orientation which she has the right to expect from him in the name of Someone who is greater than he: in the name of Christ and of God”;

  • "... by ordering something which is contrary to natural or divine law ...";

  • "... if he does not observe that which the Church Universal observes on the basis of the Tradition of the Apostles ...";

  • "... if he did not observe that which was universally ordained by the universal Councils or by the authority of the Apostolic See above all in relation to Divine Worship. ...";

  • "... lt he did not wish to do everything he could for the reestablishment of unity."

O Papa pode tornar-se cismático se, com pertinácia:

  • Se recusar a celebrar a Santa Missa com os outros bispos;

  • “... tentasse excomungar toda a Igreja";

  • "recusasse à Igreja ... a orientação espiritual que ela tem o direito de esperar dele em nome de Alguém que é maior do que ele: do próprio Cristo e de Deus”;


  • "... ordena[sse] o que é contrário ao direito natural ou divino ...";


  • "... não observar aquilo que a Igreja universal observa com base na tradição dos Apóstolos...";


  • "... não observar aquilo que foi, pelos Concílios universais ou pela autoridade da Sé Apostólica, ordenado universalmente, sobretudo quanto ao culto divino. ...";


  • não fizer "quanto possa o restabelecimento da unidade."



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